Paper : Ashok Leylands Placement Paper Pattern

 

Part 1: Engineering Aptitude (50 Questions – 25 Minutes)

 

•Physics

•Maths

•Mechanical Engineering

•Electrical Basics

 

 

Part 2: Mechanical Comprehension (50 Questions – 30 Minutes)

 

•Basic Production Engineering

•Mechanical Figurative Questions

 

 

Part 3: General Aptitude (60 Questions, 30 Minutes)

 

•Analogy

•Analytical Reasoning

•Verbal

•Quantitative Aptitude

•Figurative Puzzles

•Alphabetical Puzzles

 

 

Part-1: BASED ON 11& 12 FUNDA.

 

•Electrical circuit

•Effect of addition of salt on water (related to solutions)Over turning of vehicle in circular track (conditions of skidding, etc)

•Effect of pressure on boiling

•Buoyancy effect

•Effect of rubbing glass with silk & rubber with_________ (nature of charge produced)

•Forces on charges

•Time period of pendulum

•Body temperature in f, temperature common on both c &f scale

•Graphite crystal structure

 

 

Part-2: BASED ON ENGINEERING FUNDA

 

If v=220V, I=25A, power factor=0.8, frequency=400Hz. If the motor runs for 3 hours, what is the power consumed?

 

Symbol of capacitor?

 

Boiling point of mercury?

 

When salt is added to water, what happens to its freezing point?

 

What motor do they use in railway engines for traction?

 

DC Shunt motor b. DC Series motor

 

What motor is used for running lathe spindle?

 

Type of magnetic material used for small motors.

 

Diamagnetic b. paramagnetic c. ferromagnetic

 

What types of images do concave and convex lenses produce?

 

What is the speed of 3-phase induction motor?

 

Which gear type does not have axial thrust?

 

Ans: Herringbone

 

Determinant value?

 

Ans: 0

 

Which of the following is not a thermal radiation law?

 

Ans: Lamberts law

 

In which units sound is measured?

 

Ans:Decibels

 

Velocity of sound at sea level?

 

Which of the following is formed due to the attraction between moon and earth?

Ans:Tides

 

Instrument used for measurement of high temperatures?

Ans:Pyrometer

 

Thread used in lathe leadscrew?

Ans:ACME Thread

 

If water is air, air is dust, dust is light, light is sound, and sound is water, where does fish live?

 

If the barometer shows 300mm Hg, what is the absolute pressure?

 

What is the 4-1 process in otto cycle?

 

Power stroke in diesel cycle is what process?

Ans:Adiabatic process

 

Which of the following does not form a real image?

 

Concave b. Convex c. telescope d. microscope

 

At what temperature °C and K are the same?

 

What is the material used in permanent magnet?

 

An object weighs 3kg in air, 2.5kg in water, what is its density?

 

 

 

Which material has the highest Cp value?

a. air

b. water

c. copper

 

 

Which of the following has lowest thermal conductivity?

a. steel

b. SS

c. Bronze

d. copper

 

The crystalline structure of graphite is

a. Simple cubic

b. FCC

c. BCC

d. HCP

 

Which process cannot be used to produce external threads?

 

forging b. Rolling c. milling d. turning

 

The axial stress on a member which is subjected to a sudden load when compared to load applied gradually is

 

a. same b. double c. half d. quadraple

 

Silencer reduces noise. It also gives balance to engine b. increases fuel consumption c. Decreases fuel consumption d. reduces vibrations Unit of kinematic viscosity.

 

Unit of surface tension.

 

Meaning of overdrive

 

Wankel engine

 

Meaning general drill bit angle.

 

Reason of using regenerator & condenser.

 

Cycle used in gas cycles, dual cycle& diesel cycle diagram.

 

Normal value of voltage in spark plug & distributor function.

 

In which case turning will be easy (front wheel driven back wheel steered/__/___/___).

 

Viscous fluid passing through duct of varying cross section & pressure remains unchanged-reason?

 

Differential function

 

Pitch circle diameter &Pressure angle

 

Gear hobbler

 

Gear system in which axial thrust is absent.

 

Force applied on pin joint of truss (connecting 3 bars, middle straight side slant at equal angle)-tension/compression in middle bar?

 

Element added to steel for corrosion resistance.(

Ans: Cr)

 

Which has lowest specific heat- water, steam, copper?

 

Which has lowest thermal conductivity-stainless steel, steel, and bronze?

 

Diamond pin function.

 

Relation between stress-gradually applied & suddenly applied.

 

Increasing of water density in range?(0-4 degree)

 

1 litre, 4 stroke engine, 1600 rpm, mean thermal effective pressure=5 bar, power of engine?

 

Finding rpm of single phase alternator from list of rpm's.

 

Efficiency of carnot engine.

 

Temperature measurement based on which law.

 

Size of lathe(parameters)

 

Thread can be formed by all process except

a. Forging

b. rolling

c. Milling

d. Turning

 

Thread used in screw jack, lead screw?

Which is not related to thermal radiation

 

a. planck law

b. steffan boltzmann law d

c. fourier law

 

Radiator type used in bus.

 

Definitions of normalizing, tempering, quenching, etc.

 

Normal hardness value of cast iron used in lathe bed.(in BHN)

 

Definitions-straddle milling, slab milling, gang milling etc.

 

Questions based on getting final 3-D shape, from sheet showing details where it can be folded.

 

Getting front view, top view, side view of given isometric view.

 

 

Material is not removed in which process

a. punching

b. coining

c. tapping

d. embossing

 

 

 

Part 3: General aptitude (60 Questions: 30 Minutes)

 

Question Types: Figurative questions (from Edgar Thorpe), Analogy, ratios and proportions, time and work, time and distance, Implicit statement reasoning

 

1. If the average of the 10 of the 11 player is 30.if the 11th player score is added the average decreases by 2.what is the score of the 11th player.

2. Exonerate –meaning

3. Analogy

 

Peaceful: resistance then

a) litigation: lawlessness

b) coherent: inconsistency

c) dumb: follow

d) diligent: reliability

e) rough: forceful

 

Ans :b

 

4. Cut is to feline, vulpane is to---------------.

 

5. Three problems using codes

 

a. if AGPSV IS BHQTW, then DKNUY

 

b. CEGIK then choose the same pattern

Ans: moqsu

 

6. Diagram of one block was given. It contains three or four sections. we were asked to find the

 

a. Left side view.

b. Bottom side view

c. Back side view.

 

Paper : ASHOK LEYLAND Test Paper 2006 (Maths, Reasoning & Engineering)

 

The test consisted of 3 sections 50 or 30 questions each. all were objective questions having 4 or 5 choices.

 

Section 1 - Basic Maths (30 min)

 

Questions are easy. the paper is basically a test of fundamentals & speed. Consisted of questions on basic maths that you learn in 12th n first year of engineering.

just know the basics of functions, sets & relations well. Definitions of stuff like order of ordinary differential equation bcoz u r asked to identify a given differential equation. know basics of geometry well and fundamental of folds i.e. a given piece of paper if folded along given lines will give what shape. fundas of equation solving, determinants & matrices. the determinant usually is zero magnitude.

 

Section 2 - Basic mechanical & general Engineering 40 min

 

This section separates the best from the rest. questions are only concept based. all subjects are covered in one way or other. know the fundas of pulleys n other basic mechanics stuff. if u haven't studied automobile engineering then just go thru functions of fundamental stuff like differential, overdrive, gears, clutch. know wat type motors are used in machines like Lathe etc. one question was on crystal structure of graphite ( Ans: HCP)

 

Section 3 - Reasoning 30min

 

This was the toughest in terms of time management. its virtually impossible to solve even 100% questions even if your CAT preparation are at peak. i put blind guesses the last minute for about 15-20 questions. the questions were basically finding pattern, breaking codes n the fundas of assumptions, conclusions .. the one u have in CAT. I am not sure if they have a section wise cutoff or overall cutoff. but all people above the minimum cutoff are shortlisted for interview. It was raining heavily so none of were in either formals or with our files. but the HR was cool. he said don't bother for dresses. As for the files he said they are not needed if u can explain your project or training well. so there i was wearing a tight T-shirt n faded jeans facing my biggest interview till date.

 

Interviews were Tech+HR combined 20-40mins duration each.

Stress was on how much you have learnt  from your summer project n how much can u relate it to the real stuff. I was the last person in. First the HR tried to corner me. He told me why i was not angry since they made me wait for so long. (i turn came at 2:30pm whereas the time given by them was 1:00pm) He asked me if my time was so worthless that i can be made to wait any amt of time by anytime. but i countered him by saying that “waitin for the Interview by your company is worth the wait”. He seemed very impressed. They then asked me a few tech questions which i answered well. then came my masterstroke. i told them i hadn't learnt Automobile engineering as it was in the final year.

 

I told the surprised lot that I had learnt by myself thru internet. then they asked me a lot of questions regarding Automobile engineering n i just kept surprising them with my answers. Then a few out of syllabus questions from Manufacturing processes which i answered n pointed that the they were not in my syllabus but i had read about them in the books. they were again surprised n commented that i was way ahead of my course. Then asked about what n where did i do my summer projects. i gave a brief introduction about both of them. I told them i knew “FLUENT”- a CFD software which surprised them again them again. Then they asked me my first choice i.e. R&D or Production or Marketing. I answered even before he finished “R&D”.

 

Then he asked me the second choice: “No second option”. Then they advised me for about 5mins on that. In the end i told that i was open for the first two but not marketing. Then they asked few HR questions like family background n other usual stuff. In the end they asked if i wanted to ask them something. I asked them about the performance appraisal in their company. its very important that u ask them a good question. use the Internet n find out good question. The HR was specially very impressed by me. He told me i was the best n it was a great performance.

 

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Ashok